I’ve just started with a new group on the TKT course. This term we are focusing on module 2 – lesson planning – so I thought this would be a good opportunity to start a mini-blog with a summary of each week.
Week 1 looked at aims.
First we talked about the difference between…
Main aims – the overall aim for the learners in a lesson.
Subsidiary aims – linked to the main aim, but less important. Often helps students achieve the main aim.
Personal aims – what the teacher wants to achieve in the class.
We also looked at how to word aims effectively.
Which one of these aims do you think is most effective?
- To teach vocabulary.
- For students to talk about houses.
- For students to be better able to use a lexical set of 10 vocabulary items to describe their favourite rooms in their house.
Number 3 is the most effective. But why?
- It focuses on the learners by using “for students” rather than the teacher “to teach”.
- It tells us the context of the class (describing rooms in their house).
- It tells us the language focus (vocabulary).
1 and 2 contain elements of these, but they are pretty vague and don’t really give us a picture of what the lesson will be like.
So when writing your aims, always think about…
- the language focus
- the context
- and start with this… “By the end of the lesson, students will be better able to…”